Your CV is supposed to be an introduction to a prospective
employer documenting the qualities you have to offer. As it
is an introduction the main purpose of the CV is to obtain
an interview - not to tell your whole life story. Remember
that an employer may have several hundred enquiries about
a single job so make your CV short and relevant to the job
you are applying for (it should not exceed 2 pages in length
and ideally it should be only one page).
Writing a CV is a long process - you don't write a perfect
CV in an hour. When you have written a first attempt, get
someone to look at it, and tell you how you can improve it.
This could be friends, teachers or family or you can seek
professional help (see STG
Job service for further information).
If you are writing a CV for a job in Spain do always write
in Spanish (unless it is specifically requested in the advert
that you write in another language). A Spanish employee will
be reluctant to invite you to a job interview if you haven't
showed that you dominate the Spanish language. If you need
help writing or correcting a Spanish CV or Cover Letter see
It is also important that you tailor the CV directly to the
job you are applying for. This means that you have to change
your CV every time you apply for a new job. You don't have
to start all over every time but make sure you place most
emphasis on the skills and qualifications which most closely
match the job on offer.
Be honest. If the information provided on your CV is found
to be dishonest, the employee will find out sooner or later.
Even if you manage to get a job by lying you will surely be
fired as soon as the truth comes through.
When you have spend a lot of effort on writing the perfect
CV remember to take your time to make sure that it arrives
to the right person within the company. If you send it to
the wrong person it might end up in a stack of papers or in
the worst case directly in the bin. With a simple phone call
you can find out the name of the person who will be dealing
with your application.
Layout and Presentation
The Layout and Presentation of your CV is important. If it
doesn't look professional you will most likely be discarded
for the position.
The format of your CV depends on the position for which you
are applying. Normally a CV should follow the guidelines below
but for some jobs (i.e. in the world of marketing) it might
be OK to 'spice up' your CV with colours and other effects.
- Your CV should be written on white quality paper, well
laid-out with clear headings and easy to read text (don't
reduce the font in order to make it fit to the desired length).
- Always start with the most relevant information first (reverse
- Use the same font throughout the CV and try to use only
2-3 different font sizes.
- Do use bold and/or underline print for headings and also
use bullet points.
- Use the same left and right margin.
- Always print it out on a good quality printer - do newer
hand in photocopies.
- In Spain it is very normal to include a photo on your CV.
You can either scan it in or ad it afterwards.
What to Include
The personal details should include:
- First and last names (If your name does not obviously show
if you are male or female, include this!)
- Home address including postcode
- Telephone number
- Date of birth - Nationality
- E-Mail address
The next section should either be Education or Employment.
The general rule is that if you have had more than 3 years
of professional experience then start with Employment otherwise
This section should include information about all the relevant
education you have. Apart from the points below you should
also include information about any special project, thesis,
or dissertation work. (In reverse chronological order).
- Name of course and titles awarded
- Name of the institution where you studied
- Location of the institution
- Dates of the course (start and end dates)
- You can also include you final marks (if they benefit you)
- it is not strictly necessary in Spain.
This is the most important section of the CV. Here you have
to show what experience you have gained from other jobs, your
responsibilities and achievements. If you are seeking your
first job or don't have much work experience, list summer
jobs and unpaid work. Otherwise only use relevant work experience.
(In reverse chronological order).
- Name of the company or organisation
- Job title
- Brief description of your responsibilities and what you
achieved in that job
- Dates (start and end date)
Interests & Achievements
In this section you can include volunteer work, personal interest,
awards, certificates, etc. but try to make it relevant to
the job you are seeking.
- Language - Spoken and written level
- Programs (software) and programming knowledge.